Prototype of porting Apache Aries OSGi blueprint container to Android

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Move my earlier post(see original link here created on Sun, 23 Jan 2011) to the new techblog

Today, I gave a try on running aries blueprint on android. now I can get the helloworld sample work on it. Below is a brief summary about my experiment.


Aim to know what we need to do if we want to enable aries blueprint implementation on android's dalvik


  • OS: ubuntu 10.10 32bit
  • OSGi framework: Felix(version 3.0.7)
  • Aries blueprint: The latest code from trunk branch.
  • Android SDK: 2.3 with API9

Brief description about the steps

  1. I’m an enthusiastic user of the best IDE – e.g: Eclipse, so the firstly thing for me is to construct PDE projects for aries blueprint, aries proxy and aries util. Currently, I do this manually for now, :-( if Aries can provide a maven plugin to help do this, I believe most of bundle dev will like it.

  2. To make things simple, I use a mock pax logger to replace the pax logger

  3. For the aries.proxy, we need to force it run into JDKProxy path, since the Dalvik can not recognize java's bytecode. The current aries.proxy can support this via failing access to ASM class. but seems the MANIFEST does not give a "optional attribute" for the import-package description to ASM packages. then I added "resolution:=optional" for ASM dependences. For aries blueprint project, seems it also depends on some other projects – blueprint annotation and quiesce, because I just want to run a "helloworld" sample, mark them to resolution optional in MANIFEST.

  4. Modify the Felix properties to include the javax.xml….. to system ext package list.

  5. I encountered an issue on xml validation function. I looked into this issue and found perhaps, the android platform does not provide a build-in SchemaFactory implementation(it is interesting, per spec, platform who provide the javax.xml.validation, must provide an implementation for the W3C schema, but seems android does not have it.) After googled, I found there is a defect opened against to android – So I made some cracker code to change xmlValidation flag to false(by default , it is true) in blueprint to make things go ahead.

  6. Build the bundle projects with Android2.3 libraries, make sure there is NO error during compiling. and run below command to convert a jar to .dex and repackage the jar.

  <Anroid_SDK>/platform-tools/dx --dex --output=<your dex> <your
  <Anroid_SDK>/platform-tools/aapt add <your jar> <your dex>
  1. To control/debug the bundle easily, develop an android application which can launch Felix system framework and manage the bundles.

  2. Deploy the launcher application on android, and install&start the bundles from the sdcard directory.


Observe the log via command adb logcat, and we can see below result:

01-22 17:38:36.746: DEBUG/dalvikvm(406): DexOpt: --- BEGIN 'bundle.jar'
(bootstrap=0) ---
01-22 17:38:37.046: DEBUG/dalvikvm(645): DexOpt: load 19ms, verify+opt 19ms
01-22 17:38:37.096: DEBUG/dalvikvm(406): DexOpt: --- END 'bundle.jar'
(success) ---
01-22 17:38:37.305: INFO/System.out(406): ======>>> Starting HelloWorld
01-22 17:38:37.355: INFO/System.out(406):
[org.apache.aries.blueprint.container.ServiceRecipe] [debug] {null;null;}
01-22 17:38:37.385: INFO/System.out(406):
[org.apache.aries.blueprint.container.ServiceRecipe] [debug] ### Message
###: Creating service instance{}
01-22 17:38:37.455: INFO/System.out(406):
[org.apache.aries.blueprint.container.ServiceRecipe] [debug]
01-22 17:38:37.485: INFO/System.out(406):
[org.apache.aries.blueprint.container.ServiceRecipe] [debug] ### Message
###: Creating listeners{}
01-22 17:38:37.555: INFO/System.out(406):
[org.apache.aries.blueprint.container.ServiceRecipe] [debug] {[];}
01-22 17:38:37.585: INFO/System.out(406):
[org.apache.aries.blueprint.container.ServiceRecipe] [debug] ### Message
###: Calling listeners for initial service registration{}
01-22 17:38:38.425: INFO/System.out(406):
[org.apache.aries.blueprint.container.BlueprintEventDispatcher] [debug]
01-22 17:38:53.836: INFO/System.out(406):
[org.apache.aries.blueprint.container.ReferenceRecipe] [debug]
01-22 17:38:53.906: DEBUG/dalvikvm(406): DexOpt: --- BEGIN 'bundle.jar'
(bootstrap=0) ---
01-22 17:38:54.136: DEBUG/dalvikvm(652): DexOpt: load 10ms, verify+opt 16ms
01-22 17:38:54.177: DEBUG/dalvikvm(406): DexOpt: --- END 'bundle.jar'
(success) ---
01-22 17:38:54.345: INFO/System.out(406): ========>>>>Client HelloWorld:
About to execute a method from the Hello World service
01-22 17:38:54.375: INFO/System.out(406):
[org.apache.aries.blueprint.container.ServiceRecipe] [debug]
01-22 17:38:54.395: INFO/System.out(406):
[org.apache.aries.blueprint.container.ServiceRecipe] [debug]
01-22 17:38:54.405: INFO/System.out(406): ======>>> A message from the
server: Hello World!
01-22 17:38:54.415: INFO/System.out(406): ========>>>>Client HelloWorld: ...
if you didn't just see a Hello World message something went wrong
01-22 17:38:55.096: INFO/System.out(406):
[org.apache.aries.blueprint.container.BlueprintEventDispatcher] [debug]